Sailboats eligible to race in accordance with the South Bay Cruising Club (SBCC) bylaws

owned or chartered by SBCC members in good standing are encouraged to participate

in club races.


All sailboats are assumed to comply with manufacturers’ standard hull and accommodation

plans. It is the responsibility of the owner of any vessel that has been materially modified

or is of a unique design to inform the Handicap Committee of the irregularity prior to racing.

Such vessel will then be reviewed by the Handicap Committee and rated accordingly.


All equipment required for the participating vessel is to comply with Federal, State and

Local requirements. It is strongly recommended that all sailboats participating in a SBCC

sanctioned race on the Great South Bay comply with US Sailing from ISAF Category 4

& 5 equipment requirements. A vessel that races must have a working auxiliary engine

capable of propelling her at hull speed upwind in moderate conditions and sufficient fuel

to return to home port.


With the permission of the owners or their representatives, the SBCC measurer or

designated assistants may conduct random inspections to confirm compliance with

equipment and handicap declarations of any SBCC sailboat racing in SBCC sponsored

races. These inspections may also be requested to resolve protest issues.


The SBCC fleet includes many different types of sailboats. In order to make race

participation attractive to as many members as possible, SBCC handicap racing is

offered. Under this system every boat in the fleet is given an SBCC rating. Updated

information on the SBCC Handicap process and regulations are available on the SBCC

web site ( under ‘Racing Info’ via the SBCC PHRF Regulations link.

Handicap forms may be obtained from the SBCC web site ( or by

contacting the Handicap Committee. Boats that do not have a handicap form on file will

be assigned a base handicap. In this case the committee may give a handicap that is

less favorable than that which could be obtained by filing a handicap form. The form

must be updated when a change is made to the boat.


A skipper who believes the boat’s handicap might deserve correction may request a

handicap review by submitting a written request to the Handicap Committee stating the

reasons he or she believes a review is in order. The Handicap Committee will respond

in writing within 10 days and the new handicap, if any, will take effect as of the date of

the written decision. Skippers who are not satisfied with their decision have recourse

by appealing directly to US Sailing. The appeal to US Sailing can only be done once in

each calendar year. Contact the Handicap Committee or US Sailing for the procedure

and current cost.


Spinnaker, Non-Spinnaker, and Corinthian (cruising / casual racer) classes are scored

under the SBCC handicap system. Only one headsail may be flown in the fore-triangle

at any one time. The Non-Spinnaker and Corinthian sail inventory is restricted to use

of only those sails that can be correctly flown on all points of sail. Boats handicapped

as having permanent double head rigs will be permitted to fly their staysail when racing

in these classes.

Members may change classes as often as they desire, so long as it is done before the

warning signal and they inform the Race Committee by displaying the proper streamer

(See VI.A Class Streamers)


Racing numbers, either US Sailing or SBCC, are required on mainsails, spinnakers,

and overlapping headsails with an LP of greater than 130% of J dimension. Numbers

shall be integer values with no leading zeros and have high contrast to the sail. This

modifies RRS, 77.


No boat shall race in an SBCC-sponsored event (except invitational regattas) unless

skippered by an SBCC member or associate. However, a member’s boat may be

skippered by an associate without a member on board only twice in one season, and

only once in any series.



All SBCC races will be governed by the rules as defined in The Racing Rules of Sailing

(RRS) except as otherwise specified in these instructions.


Any changes to the sailing instructions will be posted before 0900 on the day it is to take

effect, except that any change to the schedule of races will be posted by 2000 on the

day before it will take effect. Changes will be posted on the SBCC official notice board

found at



SBCC sponsors numerous races and participates in various invitational regattas as

set forth in the race schedule. See schedule found at for details and

special notes.


Courses used for SBCC races and some invitational regattas are set forth at the end

of these instructions. They are grouped by starting area as Babylon, and Bay Shore,

and Nichol Bay. For each of these areas a variety of courses are described in Section

X, “Race Courses,” each bearing a distinguishing number. The course selected will

be signaled from the committee boat by the appropriate pennant. In addition, the RC

may indicate a “Special” course and will provide the details. The Race Committee may

designate different courses for each class, except for the Smith Trophy, Commodores

Cup, West Island Race and Foulke Trophy. The combined twilight series starting areas

are ‘Special’, will alternate locations and be adjusted as needed.


Bay Shore & Babylon Twilight Series – Five race series are determined by the race

schedule. These series will have one throw-out, provided the series is at least four

races. In the event that only one race can be sailed, one race constitutes a series.

Great South Bay Yacht Racing Association (GSBYRA) Race Week - This is a multiday

event. All boats must register with the host club and pay a registration fee. Check

the SBCC website for details or inquire with the GSBYRA.

SBCC Race Week - This is a multi-day event held in the Nicoll Bay area. It will be scored

as a series race with a single throw out. Sailing instructions and course details will be

posted on the SBCC website prior to the event.


Babylon Yacht Club 4th of July Invitational Series - The courses, starting sequence,

and other race instructions will be provided by the Babylon Yacht Club (see www. and may be available from the committee boat prior to the start.

You must register with the Babylon Yacht Club to race this series.

Spring Race to Atlantique – This is an invitational, non-Spinnaker, pursuit style race.

It is held in May. The starting area is in the Bay Shore vicinity and finishes off the

Atlantique dock.

Discoverers Race - This is an invitational, non-Spinnaker, pursuit style race run jointly

by Bay Shore Yacht Club and South Bay Cruising Club. The race is held in October. The

starting area is in the Bay Shore vicinity and finishes off the Atlantique dock.

Broadside Race - A non-Spinnaker invitational race for all female crew.

Foulke Race - This race has a fixed course that starts in the Babylon area and races

around West Fire Island. This race will have both spinnaker and non-spinnaker starts.

The Foulke Trophy will be awarded to the best SBCC finisher overall. This race has a

postrace event at the Babylon YC.

Babylon Cup – An event run jointly by the SBCC and Babylon YC. A postrace activity

will be held at the BYC Clubhouse. Regular start with awards presented to the first 3

corrected finishers of each division. Check the website prior to the event.

Creepstakes – A single handed race where only the skipper is allowed aboard during

race. Two classes: 27 feet LOA and over; and under 27 feet LOA. This is a Non-Spinnaker

race. Autopilots shall not be used. Skippers must wear life jackets during the race.

West Island Race – This race starts in Bay Shore and sails around West Fire Island.

Skippers have a choice of two courses, clockwise and counter-clockwise to sail it. This

race has a postrace event at the Bay Shore YC.



SBCC races will be scored using the time-on-distance method. A boat’s corrected

time will be based on its assigned handicap and the distance of the measured course.

The boat with the lowest corrected time is the winner. To determine the winner of the

perpetual trophies, (see section IV. F), the race scorer will apply an adjustment between

the winners of the spinnaker class and non-spinnaker class. The following adjustments

will be applied to spinnaker boats:

Preliminary race results are available to each participating skipper shortly after each

race by e-mail. The official results are printed periodically in the Masthead and posted

on the SBCC web site.


The Twilight Season Championship Series and each of the individual twilight series will

be scored using the Low Point Scoring system. Boats are assigned points according to

their place at the finish line (1 point for first, 2 for second, etc.). Boats that do not finish

the race, retire, or are disqualified score the number of boats in the race +1. The boat

with the lowest total score wins.

For a series that is held over a period of time longer than a regatta, a boat that came to

the starting area but did not start, did not finish, retired after finishing or was disqualified

shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats that

came to the starting area. A boat that did not come to the starting area shall be scored

points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats entered in the series

(RRS A9).


If there is a series score tie between two or more boats, each boat’s race scores shall

be listed in order of best to worst, and at the first point(s) where there is a difference

the tie shall be broken in favor of the boat(s) with the best score(s). If a tie still remains

between two or more boats, they shall be ranked in order of their scores in the last race.

Any remaining ties shall be broken by using the tied boats’ scores in the next-to-last race

and so on until all ties are broken. These scores shall be used even if some of them are

excluded scores (RRS A8).


Boats that serve as the committee boat for one race in a series will receive a point for

that race based on the average of the points earned in the other races in which it was

a starter, as follows:

There must be at least two races available to compute average points. If the committee

boat (CB) does not have at least two races in which it was a starter then the CB will not

get an adjustment for the race and instead will get points equal to the number of starters

in the race +1. However, if the CB has two or more races in which it was a starter, then

all the races started (up to a maximum of the number of races used for computing the

series score) will be used to compute the average points. Thus, for a four race series in

which one throw out is allowed, and if the CB did all the other three races, then the CB

will receive an adjustment equal to the average points from the three races sailed. Or,

if the series is the best seven out of nine, and the CB did all the other eight races, then

the best seven races will be used to determine the average points for the CB adjustment.

The committee boat will only receive the adjustment for one committee assignment in

a series. If a boat does more than one assignment, the adjustment will be given to that

race which is most beneficial to it.

The points for the CB adjustment will be included in determining the series standing,

just as if the CB had actually raced in that race with the average points adjustment.


Trophies for individual SBCC races (when not part of a series) will be awarded to each

class, according to the following schedule:

Number of Starters / Trophies for

In any SBCC series, the greatest number of starters in any race will govern the number

of trophies awarded for that series.


Perpetual trophies only awarded once a year. They are awarded to the SBCC boat with

the best-corrected time based on the method specified in section IV. A.

The Club will award perpetual trophies, as follows:

Commodore’s Cup - Best corrected time between the spin and non-spin winners of

the Commodores Race.

Cruising Club Crock – Best-corrected time for an SBCC boat participating in the Around

Long Island Regatta calculated using SBCC Handicaps.

Deale Trophy – West Island Race Best corrected time between the spin and non-spin

winners of the West Island race.

Foulke Trophy – Best corrected time between the spin and non-spin winners of the

Foulke Race.

Governor’s Cup - Best total score for the Commodore’s Cup, West Island and Foulke

Trophy races.

Smith Trophy – Best corrected time between the spin and non-spin winners of the

Smith Race.

It is the responsibility of the winner of the perpetual trophy to return it by October 1st to

the trophy chairperson for engraving with the following year’s winner. Keeper cups are

given to winners of these trophies and their names are engraved on the perpetual trophy.



The SBCC depends upon the cooperation of all members. Being the Committee Boat

for a race is an important responsibility. Reliable, timely and accurate performance

reporting of results.

Race Chairpersons are assigned by the Regatta Committee, and listed in the Race

Schedule. Assignments are obligatory.


A Race Chairperson may switch assignments with another Race Chairperson provided

that the Regatta Captain is notified at least 24 hours before the race. Arranging such

changes is the sole responsibility of the assigned skipper and does not relieve him or

her of responsibility.


Any Race Chairperson who willfully fails to do his or her assignment shall not be scored in

any SBCC race for a period of one year from the date of his or her scheduled Committee

Boat assignment. As an alternative penalty, a Race Chairperson who failed to do his or

her race assignment for the first time in the racing season will be scored in SBCC races

after payment of a $100 fine payable to the SBCC.



Racing yachts are required to fly streamers from their standing backstays. Streamers

should measure 4’’x18’’.

Streamer Color    Creepstakes    All Other Races

Red    27 ft. LOA and over    Spinnaker

Blue    Under 27 ft. LOA    Non-Spinnaker

Yellow    n/a    Cruising

Failure to display the appropriate streamer may be considered grounds for disqualification.


The code flags below are special SBCC course flags:

‘R’ Sail the designated course in the REVERSE direction. Leave or round a mark on

the opposite side.

‘T’ Sail the designated course TWICE around **

‘U’ Sail the designated course THREE times around **

‘V’ Finish at the Babylon YC dock leaving ‘X’ to port

** For ‘T’ and ‘U’ round the pin/X mark on the same side as the next mark of the course.

The following RRS code flags are some of the more common race signals used during

SBCC conducted races. While not all signals are listed, racers are expected to know all

of the race signals and their definitions

‘L’ Come within hail for instructions.

‘S’ Course Shortened: When flown after the start, (accompanied by two signal sounds),

finish between the Committee Boat and the mark. ‘X’ Individual Recall: This signal flag is accompanied with a hail of the sail number,

and a single sound.

‘Y’ Life jackets are required by all crew.


The following class flags shall be used and will generally be started in the order listed

below. However, at the committee boats discretion, this may change if only 1 class is

present. Be mindful of the RC’s starting flags. For ‘Pursuit’ race starting times, specific

handicap based starting will be distributed prior to the race and posted at www.sbccsail.



Races will be started in accordance with RRS 26, as summarized below:

*Approximately one minute before the warning signal for the first class to start, the

RC may make 3 or more, quick sound signals to bring your attention to the sequence


The Race Committee may utilize a “keep-off” (anti-barging) buoy. If one is used, please

note this is not a temporary or an accidentally attached object, and should be treated

as part of the committee boat.


Racing skippers are reminded to stay clear of the starting line until the Preparatory

Signal for their class. Classes not starting are to remain clear of all boats in the division

before them. Failure to do so may result in a protest that may lead to a disqualification.

No boat will be disqualified without first being given a direct and specific written warning.


A boat failing to heed its recall will be penalized by having 30 minutes added to their

elapsed time. This modifies RSS 29.


The start and finish line is determined by the “X” mark (or buoy) and an orange flag on

the Committee Boat or Committee Platform.


VHF radio watch shall be maintained during a race utilizing Channel 72. Radio

communications may be utilized to relay information on unusual situations during races

such as postponements, recalls, withdrawals, etc. However, Race Committees may not

always use VHF radio so it should not be relied on as the sole means of communication.

Racers are requested not to initiate communications with the Race Committee from the

time of the warning gun to the time that the last class starts.


No boat may make use of an autopilot during any SBCC race.

Contact the Race Committee for that race or check the SBCC web site for any last

minute information.


The time limit for each race is stated in the notes to the Racing Schedule. The time limit for

all classes starting after the first class will be extended so as to allow all classes to have

the same amount of racing time. If any boat finishes within the time limit for her class, it is

a race for her class. Yachts finishing after the Committee Boat has left its station should

record their time and report it to the Race Committee as soon as possible.


The Protest Committee will only entertain protests and requests for redress made in

conformity with RRS section ‘A’ and submitted on a valid US Sailing protest form (available


The time limit for protesting or requesting redress is one (1) full business day after the last

boat in the race finishes, except where the rules provide otherwise. The protest/request for

redress is to be mailed, showing a postmark by the postal service, or e-mailed to the Protest

Chairman within the time limit. The Protest Committee will attempt to hold a protest/redress

hearing by the second Monday after the time limit has expired. If a party to the hearing of

a protest or request for redress does not come to the hearing, the Protest Committee may

nevertheless decide the protest or request. A party may appear at a hearing through its

representative by telephone conference provided arrangements to do so are made with

the Protest Chairman 24 hours prior to the scheduled hearing date.


It is the exclusive responsibility of each skipper to decide whether or not to start, continue,

or drop out of any event. South Bay Cruising Club does not assume any liability for the

decision of any participant. The Board of Governors of the South Bay Cruising Club

recommends that all owners and skippers carry liability, as well as hull insurance, to protect

all parties from the financial consequences of an accident.

Common sense should be used to determine whether to venture out. This applies to racers

and the RC. Listen to USCG and/or NOAA updates to guide your decision as well. If gale

warnings are posted, lightening is in the forecast, or other severe weather is imminent,

check your email, text messages, phone, VHF 72 to see if there are attempts to announce

a cancellation. Ultimately, as indicated in RRS 1.4, it is your decision to participate.

For answers to questions regarding minimum U.S. Coast Guard equipment requirements,

see the Coast Guard Safety Info web site at